CRUSER Technical Continuum
CRUSER's annual NPS TechCon provides NPS Faculty an opportunity to explore selected concepts in support of our 3rd Innovation Thread - “Distributing Future Naval Air and Surface Forces.”
The selected concepts were developed during the September Warfare Innovation Workshop 2013 and the March 2013 Warfare Innovation Workshop “Advancing Undersea Warfare.” Although the concepts below have been highlighted, presentations may be about any concept related to the Innovation Thread.
Presentations will allow faculty to showcase how they can take a concept to experimentation.
Abstracts are due by 15 March to CRUSER@nps.edu
Additional Details about Selected Concepts
Natural low frequency search methods: leverage the earth’s natural electro-magnetic spectrum for search based on receiving anomalies caused by man- made platforms as they disturb various fields and emissions. Further details of this concept are classified and available through appropriate channels.
Re-seeding energy: Induction transfer of energy to large diameter UUV (LDUUV) payload, and LDUUV induction to fielded sensors. This concept aims to leverage the enormous power generation capabilities of the SSN to provide a persistent energy source to a range of fielded sensors and assets. Two of the driving needs to use induction as the transfer mechanism are to eliminate the need for physical contact (expensive and complicated wet-mates) and to enable re-charging while underway.
Using UUVs to aid in submarine minefield navigation: Named undersea “Sled Dogs”, or “Cat Whiskers” this concept uses a “dynamic Q route” using Q from the stochastic model and employs two ROVs traveling ahead of the submarine with integrated sensors. The ROVs could have acoustic sensors to help augment the submarine's 3D spatial awareness, dedicated mine detecting sensors, and a communications suite. Traveling at a relatively low speed (2-5 knots) the ROV would receive power and control through the tether with the submarine. The complement of sensors on the ROV could either be locally analyzed or sent back to the submarine for computational analysis. In the case that a mine was discovered and had to be disposed of, the ROV could cut its tether and continue under its own power to defuse the threat.
Wide area decoy: surface launched drone deployment using many inexpensive gliders (“flocks”) deployed from LDUUV via a balloon to altitude – add reflectors to confuse adversary. The best way to create a cost imposing strategy on the adversary is to create an inexpensive means to disable their expensive, high value capability. China has created the DF-21D which costs approximately $1 million to sink U.S. aircraft carriers which cost $13.5 billion. The crux for any missile system is its radar targeting system. If one was to deploy a large swarm, 100-1,000 inexpensive UAVs with radar jamming capabilities, it would render the missile system inoperable. A new counter measure would have to be developed to disable the swarm of cheap, hard to target UAVs. A potential launching method for the UAV is to passively deploy it from an LDUUV. Instead of requiring a forceful launching mechanism, the UAV could be attached to a self-inflating balloon that would lift the UAV to a designated altitude the drop the UAV. The UAV will reach a terminal velocity to begin flying under its own propulsion.
It is expected that in the 2030 time frame, the first 300 feet in the water column will become transparent to overhead sensors. In an effort to counteract this transparency, a radar/EM reflecting substance could be released onto the surface of the littorals. This reflecting layer would give undersea assets operating impunity from overhead sensors.
Asset Distribution and Employment Concepts:
Surface Flotilla with Expeditionary Basing and Optionally Manned Ship – use of a combined manned and unmanned flotilla of surface ships to add dispersed offensive capability to the fleet. The flotilla is supported using a logistics network composed of mobile bases and small combat support ships
Subsurface Flotilla with Semi-Submersible Platforms – similar to the surface flotilla, this concept uses smaller conventional submarines and semi-submersible ships to increase individual platform survivability
Distributed Expeditionary Airbase Concept – aka ships as “Lily Pads” with distributed shore basing
Dissimilar Swarm Autonomy – warfighting UxS element to consider is not the individual platform, but a flexible mix/system/group; swarm has preset queuing/signals; semi-autonomy, flexible autonomy, leader-election algorithm, stigmergic communication
Autonomous Coordinated UxS Maneuvers for Sensor Positioning – collaborative and autonomous unmanned sensor positioning to allow for passive target locating and tracking; UxS “swarm” behavior that automatically repositions passive sensors to locate, identify, and track targets of interest
UAV Payloads to Augment Strike Capabilities– decoy/MILDEC is an important payload for this concept
Wave-Gliders for Cueing and C3 Networks – get wave-gliders to operate in pairs the groups as passive receivers; triangulate receipt of signals until they reach a targeting solution, and then transmit
Virtual Crow’s Nest – use of lighter-than-air platforms to provide tethered sensors
Full Network Deployment– view full system as the combat power so make a concentrated effort to integrate C2 across domains throughout the network of combat platforms – “intercommunicatedness”
Leverage Ambient Signals – use ambient transmission signals (TV, radio, Faruno commercial radar, etc.) to navigate and for targeting to remain “silent”
C2 for Hunter-Killer Mindset – re-emphasize offensive capabilities, as offensive warfare is easier and weaponry is less expensive than defending assets in the field.
UAV “Carrier Pigeon” – using UAVs to pass messages with hard copy payloads, or line of sight communications, i.e. TERN could cover 900NM between surface forces
UxS C2 Modification – How will C2 concepts need to be modified to allow large numbers of less capable systems to operate while human systems are at EMCON ALPHA
Strategic UxS C2, force allocation, and Employment– use UxS for pre-decisional preplanned mission assignments, leaving manned assets available for flexible decision missions
Biologically Encoded Acoustic Communication – i.e. snapping shrimp or whale song; embed signal in white noise that requires a “key” to find the pattern
IR “Bat Signal”– ionosphere IR reflection signal
Innovative C3 Systems for Distributed Manned and Unmanned Platforms and Systems – use of autonomy, command by negation, and distributed communications to provide new C3 systems
Deception and Weather Concepts:
Sea Chaff or Sea Flare – use of sea surface to host EIO and IR decoys
Disruptive Swarm – robotic fish, or guide the fish away en masse
Weather Weapons – creating weather for non-military applications, but have not yet used it to aid a military mission