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Center for Defense Management Research Team

The Center for Defense Management Research is comprised of academic faculty, experienced consultants, and MBA students from NPS and other leading universities. Our research associates are experts in relevant fields such as financial management, organizational behavior, management communication, logistics, acquisition, contracting, and information systems. Additionally, our MBA and Public Policy graduate students conduct research in these and other related areas.

CDMR Leadership

Douglas A. Brook, Ph.D., Director Full Vita

Professor of Public Policy, Graduate School of Business and Public Policy, NPS

Professor Brook teaches and researches large-scale issues of budgeting and management in Navy and DoD. He is interested in the management agendas of Navy and DoD senior leaders—what they are, where they come from, how they work, and what they accomplish—and in how senior leaders deal with resource allocation challenges that they face as defense managers. His research is aimed at developing a body of knowledge about macro-level management agendas and resource allocation decisions that will help present and future senior leaders understand and shape their own management reform agendas.

Phil Candreva, M.S., Associate Director Full Vita

Senior Lecturer of Budgeting, Graduate School of Business and Public Policy, NPS

Phil Candreva’s research investigates how financial information is used in the public arena. He examines areas such as resource allocation decision-making, accounting, performance measurement, and management reform. Most contemporary public sector management reform efforts are either explicitly tied to financial decisions (e.g., performance-based budgeting) or are implicitly tied through other management efforts (e.g., efficiency programs). Phil recognizes that budgets are often the battlefield on which public policy disputes are waged and that affects the flow of financial information. Elected officials, public managers, and the general public place different demands on public programs and evaluate those programs by different criteria; financial information systems need to attend to all those needs.

CDMR Research Associates

William R. Gates, Ph.D. Full Vita

Dean, Graduate School of Business and Public Policy, NPS

Bill Gates’ research draws on concepts from microeconomics and game theory to understand the interrelationships between institutional (mechanism) design, incentives and the decisions individuals make within an organization. This research attempts to implement market-oriented reform in defense management by better understanding what makes decision-makers behave efficiently and cost effectively in private markets and introducing similar incentives in the defense sector. Emphasis has recently focused on defense workforce issues, including retention, force shaping (voluntary separation) and assignment incentive pay to attract volunteers to less attractive military assignments. This research is now expanding to acquisition and contracting issues.

Jeremy Arkes, Ph.D. Full Vita

Associate Professor, Graduate School of Business and Public Policy

Jeremy Arkes (PhD, Economics, University of Wisconsin) is an Associate Professor of Economics at the Naval Postgraduate School. He previously worked as an Economist at the Center for Naval Analyses and at Rand Corporation. Dr. Arkes has conducted research of sports issues (such as the hot hand in basketball and the rushing vs. passing issue in football), on how the strength of the economy affects various youth behaviors (such as substance use and weight problems), and on how parental divorces affect children’s outcomes. In addition, Dr. Arkes has conducted research on military recruiting, retention, and attrition, as well as on how deployment to Iraq and Afghanistan has affected the mental health of military personnel.

Timothy D. Hartge, M.A.

School of Management, University of Michigan Dearborn, full-time professional faculty

Hartge maintains relations and networks with leading automotive and energy companies in Michigan. He teaches and works on his research in the areas of leadership, organizational and managerial communication, particularly in the U.S. auto industry. Hartge's research focuses on improving management communications critical for businesses during time of crisis; his research examines how management communication impacts organizational change efforts. His interest is in companies that are in transition due to restructuring. Hartge writes and teaches on leadership, communication, and best practices for communicating and managing organizational change.

Susan Page Hocevar, Ph.D. Full Vita

Associate Professor, Graduate School of Business and Public Policy

Susan Page Hocevar received her Ph.D. in Business Administration from the University of Southern California. She teaches courses in organizational behavior, team effectiveness, negotiation and consensus building, and inter-agency collaboration. Her classes are offered to students in master’s degree programs in the Graduate School of Business and Public Policy, as well as the Stability and Reconstruction curriculum and the Homeland Security Curriculum (both in the School of International Graduate Studies) and the Defense Analysis curricula (in the Graduate School of Operations and Information Sciences) and for the Center for Homeland Defense and Security. She also teaches modules for the NPS Center for Executive Education. Professor Hocevar’s current research is on inter-organizational collaborative capacity. The initial context for this work was homeland security, but the current effort is examining a broader application of inter-organizational collaboration. Funding for this project has been received from the Acquisition Research Program at NPS. The inter-agency collaboration research is being done in conjunction with NPS professors Gail Thomas and Erik Jansen. Recent products include the development of a diagnostic instrument for assessing inter-organizational collaborative capacity that can be used to inform leadership decisions to improve collaborative capabilities.

Erik Jansen, Ph.D. Full Vita

Senior Instructor, Department of Information Sciences, NPS

Erik Jansen’s research focuses on organizational design, strategic human resource systems, and motivation and careers, primarily in the contexts of innovation and collaboration. Current research emphasizes-the diagnosis and design of inter-organizational collaborative capacity in the context of security and defense. He currently teaches “Organizational Design for Special Operations” and “Modern Philosophy of Science”. His articles have appeared in the Academy of Management Review, Recent Advances in Organizational Development, The Journal of Business Venturing, and the Journal for the Association for Information Systems.

Lisa Lindsey, Ph.D. Full Vita

Visiting Assistant Professor, Graduate School of Business and Public Policy, NPS

Lisa Lindsey's research interests center on social influence processes, especially the role that cognition and affect play in information processing that results in attitude and behavior change. She has examined social influence from a communication science perspective in myriad contexts including superior-subordinate relationships, peer-to-peer relationships, deception in the workplace, organizations undergoing change, the use of new technology, and in public health/safety contexts. Also, Dr. Lindsey has done extensive work in Risk and Crisis Communication. Overall, her research aims to align theoretical and applied research to better understand, predict, and impact social influence processes as a critical component to successful management.

Sara Martin, M.B.A.

Sarah Martin’s research centers on strategic communication, rhetorical theory, and persuasion. With an emphasis on leader communication, she is primarily interested in how strategic communication manifests itself within existing organizational structures and can be leveraged to achieve organizational objectives. Using an applied research approach, Sarah investigates organizational influences that impact the development, distribution, and socialization of key messages. Sarah is also interested in rhetoric and persuasion as they relate to Government and military recruiting initiatives. She has an M.B.A from the Naval Postgraduate School and B.A. from the University of Virginia.

Daniel A. Nussbaum, Ph.D. Full Vita

Prodessor, Graduate School of Operations and Information Science

Dr. Daniel Nussbaum is a Professor at the Naval Postgraduate School, in the Operations Research department, in Monterey, California, where he teaches cost estimating, does research, and mentors students. He has been a Principal with Booz Allen Hamilton, Director, Naval Center for Cost Analysis, and has held other management and analysis positions with the US Army and Navy, in the US and in Europe. He has a BA, in Mathematics and Economics from Columbia University, and a Ph.D., in Mathematics from Michigan State University. He has held post doctoral positions in Econometrics and Operations Research, and in National Security Studies at Washington State University and Harvard University. He is active in professional societies, currently serving as the Past President of the Society of Cost Estimating and Analysis. He has previously been the VP of the Washington chapter of INFORMS, and he has served on the Board of the Military Operations Research Society. He publishes and speaks regularly before professional audiences.

Anita Salem, M.S. Full Vita

Research Faculty, Center for Defense Management Research

Looking at issues of strategic communication and change management, Anita’s work is focused on exploring the socialization of new processes, policies, and technologies. Using design research methods, she works with organizations to understand the human factors impacting business systems, to align business systems with the organization’s and practitioner’s goals, and to provide methods for defining, measuring, and tracking outcomes. Anita’s approach is cross-disciplinary, iterative, and is directed at influencing the design of new systems and processes. Because it focuses on systemic needs and includes direct input by practitioners, design research increases innovation and improves the sustainability of organizational reforms. Design research methods include rapid ethnographies, contextual interviewing, communication audits, business and process analysis, user and task analysis, customer and user segmentation, field testing, collaborative research, and participatory design. Anita also facilitates business management workshops focusing on strategic communication, metrics and risk analysis, leadership, and product strategy development.

Gail Fann Thomas, Ed.D. Full Vita

Associate Professor, Graduate School of Business and Public Policy

Professor Thomas has two primary research interests: strategic communication and interagency collaboration. One of her current projects is the use of strategic communication as a risk mitigator. Another research program, with Susan Hocevar and Erik Jansen, includes the development of a model for interagency collaboration that can be used to diagnose an organization’s capacity for collaboration. Initial development of the model was based on data from agencies involved in homeland security. The model is now being applied to other organizations. She also teaches strategic communication in the US Navy’s Executive Education program and serves as academic program director for a series of Strategic Communication Workshops sponsored by the US Navy and the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD). In the workshops, senior management teams design communication plans, processes, themes, and messages aimed at implementing a command’s strategic plan and/or a major organizational change initiative.

Natalie Webb, Ph.D. Full Vita

Associate Professor of Economics, Defense Resources Management Institute (DRMI), NPS

Natalie Webb’s research explores multiple areas of performance management, to include strategic planning, implementation of strategic plans, performance management systems, measuring performance, and performance evaluation of executives. She also studies the interaction among defense and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) as they coordinate and combine action among diverse actors to provide security, stability, and in some instances, reconstruction after war or natural disasters. Her research and teaching, based on theory, historical analysis and current practice, contributes to better management practices both inside and between varying types of organizations.

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