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Prof. Fred Kruse



Prof. Kevin B. Smith

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Prof. Dragoslav Grbovic


Prof. Joseph Hooper

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Department of Physics
Spanagel Hall, Room 203
833 Dyer Road
Monterey, CA 93943-5216
(831) 656-2145
DSN: 756-2145

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Mission Statement

Fred A. Kruse
Research Professor of Physics
Ph.D. Geology, Colorado School of Mines, 198

Dr. Kruse joined the NPS faculty in 2009. He has been involved in multispectral, hyperspectral (HSI), and synthetic aperture Radar (SAR) remote sensing research and applications for over 28 years in positions with the U. S. Geological Survey, the University of Colorado, the University of Nevada (Reno), and private industry. His principal research interest is physics-based exploration of diverse visible/near infrared (VNIR), short-wave infrared (SWIR), and long-wave infrared (LWIR) imaging spectrometer data; and multifrequency, polarimetric, and interferometric synthetic aperture Radar (InSAR) remote sensing datasets. Current research and applications areas include study of problems in geology (geologic mapping, geologic hazards, geothermal/hydrothermal systems, and environmental monitoring), and the use of remote sensing data for military and intelligence purposes. Dr. Kruse is also one of the scientists that originally developed the image analysis software, "ENVI", designing, implementing, testing, and documenting many of the original algorithms (now used world-wide) for hyperspectral analysis. Dr. Kruse currently mentors graduate students, and prospective Ph. D. and MS candidates are invited to contact him.

Phone: 303-499-9471, Email:

Fred A. Kruse
Research Professor, Physics

Naval Postgraduate School
Physics Department
833 Dyer Road, Bldg. 232
Monterey, CA 93943
Phone: 303-499-9471

Ph.D. Colorado School of Mines, Geology, 1987
M.S. Colorado School of Mines, Geology, 1984
B.S. University of Massachusetts, Geology, 1976 (Magna Cum Laude)

– Present: Research Professor, Physics

OTHER EXPERIENCE 2009 – 2011: Research Professor, Geology and Geophysics, Department of Geological Sciences and Engineering, Arthur Brant Laboratory for Exploration Geophysics (ABLE), University of Nevada, Reno, NV 89557 2002 – 2011: Founding Partner and Principal Scientist, Horizon GeoImaging LLC, Frisco, CO 80443. 1995 – 2007: Associate Adjunct Professor (2004 – 2007) and Assistant Adjunct Professor (1995 – 2004), Department of Geological Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO 1995 – 2003: Founding Partner and Senior Scientist, Analytical Imaging and Geophysics LLC, Boulder, CO 80303 1992 – 2003: Founding Partner and Senior Scientist, BSC Limited Liability Company, Lafayette, CO 80026 1991 – 1995: Assistant Research Professor, Department of Geological Sciences, and Deputy Director, Center for the Study of Earth from Space (CSES), Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES), University of CO, Boulder, CO 80309. 1987 – 1991: Research Associate, CSES, CIRES, CU, Boulder, CO 80309 1990: NASA/ASEE Summer Faculty Fellowship at JPL/Caltech 1983 – 1987: Research Geologist, U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, Colorado 1983: Geologist, (Summer Position), AMOCO Production CO, Denver, Colorado 1983: Geologic Field Assistant, U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, Colorado 1981 – 1994: U.S Army Reserve 1976 – 1981: Engineer Officer, Active duty, U.S. Army

TEACHING INTERESTS Development and teaching of advanced geologic remote sensing courses linking full-spectrum remote sensing theory and physics with practical experience for a variety of remote sensing sensors and applications, including hyperspectal imagery (HSI), multispectral imagery (MSI), and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)
Development of internet and computer-media-based remote sensing courses Motivation, supervision, and mentoring of graduate students.

RESEARCH INTERESTS Physics-based exploration of diverse visible/near infrared (VNIR), short-wave infrared (SWIR), and long-wave infrared (LWIR) imaging spectrometer data and multifrequency, polarimetric, and interferometric synnthetic aperture Radar (SAR) remote sensing datasets Characterization of reflectance and emissive spectral properties and variation of Earth-surface materials Development of advanced data analysis strategies, methods and techniques, and prototype software Development of knowledge-based approaches for identifying and mapping Earth-surface materials using laboratory, aircraft, and satellite reflectance and emissivity spectra and SAR measurements Characterization and mapping of the Earth’s surface to extract information applicable to scientific problems in geology (geologic mapping, geologic hazards, geothermal/hydrothermal systems, and environmental monitoring), and for military and intelligence purposes Combined analysis of diverse remote sensing datasets and data fusion

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS Kruse, F. A., 2011, Mapping Surface Mineralogy Using Imaging Spectrometry, Geomorphology, (in press) Kruse, F.A., Bidell, R.L., Taranik, J.V, Peppin, W.A., Weatherbee, O., Calvin, W.M., 2011, Mapping alteration minerals at prospect, outcrop, and drill core scales using imaging spectrometry: International Journal of Remote Sensing (in press) Perry, S. L, and Kruse, F. A., 2010, Use of ASTER in Mining Applications (contributed book chapter): in Bhaskar Ramachandran, Christopher O. Justice, and Michael J. Abrams (Editors) “Land Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change: NASA’s Earth Observing System and the Science of ASTER and MODIS”, Series: Remote Sensing and Digital Image Processing, Vol. 11, Springer-Verlag, p. 301 – 324. Kruse, F. A., and Perry, S. L., 2009, Improving multispectral mapping by spectral modeling with hyperspectral signatures: J. Appl. Remote Sens., Vol. 3, 033504 (Jan 26, 2009); doi:10.1117/1.3081548 Livo, K.E., Kruse, F. A., Clark, R.N., Kokaly, R.F., and Shanks, W.C. III, 2007, Hydrothermally Altered Rock and Hot-Spring Deposits at Yellowstone National Park—Characterized Using Airborne Visible- and Infrared-Spectroscopy Data: in Morgan, L. A. (ed), Chapter O of Integrated Geoscience Studies in the Greater Yellowstone Area—Volcanic, Tectonic, and Hydrothermal Processes in the Yellowstone Geoecosystem, U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1717. Kruse, F. A., Perry, S. L., and Caballero, A., 2006, District-level mineral survey using airborne hyperspectral data, Los Menucos, Argentina: Annals of Geophysics (Annali di Geofisica), Vol. 49, n. 1, pp. 83 – 92. Kruse, F. A., Boardman, J. W., and Huntington, J. F., 2003, Evaluation and Validation of EO-1 Hyperion for Mineral Mapping: in Special Issue, Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing (TGARS), IEEE, v. 41, no. 6, June 2003, p. 1388 – 1400.



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