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FacultyCV

Nita Lewis Shattuck

Professor
Operations Research
Graduate School of Operational and Information Sciences

Phone: (831) 656-2281

Overview

In her work with the military, Dr. Shattuck has studied the effects of fatigue, sleep deprivation, thermal stress, and acceleration (+Gz-induced LOC and motion) in various operational and laboratory environments. She has studied work and rest patterns of US Navy Sailors on over a dozen ships; conducted a 4-year longitudinal study of sleep and performance of Cadets at the US Military Academy, West Point, NY; assessed sleep and academic performance of US Navy Recruits at the Recruit Training Command, Great Lakes, IL; and studied the effects of delayed bedtime and wakeup times on performance of US Army Basic Combat Trainees at FT Leonard Wood, MO. In studies of US Marines at Camp Pendleton, CA, Dr. Shattuck examined the effects of waterborne motion exposure to cognitive and physical performance in Marines and was co-investigator of a study of egress times from amphibious vehicles. Dr. Shattuck has served as Principal Investigator on numerous other operational field studies including sleep and psychomotor performance of crewmembers on the USS Independence (LCS 2) Rough Water Trials. She served as advisor to the President's Emergency Operations Center of the White House, documenting improvements in sleep and morale following adoption of a novel watchbill. Most recently, Dr. Shattuck led a team to study work and rest patterns of members of the Reactor Department of the USS NIMITZ (CVN 69), focusing on their performance using different watchbills. Current research includes the assessment of work and rest patterns of Marine Corps Embassy Security Guards located throughout the world.

Dr. Shattuck has published widely and is the recipient of the 2013 Surface Navy Association Literary Award, the 2007 'Jimmie' Hamilton Award from the American Society of Naval Engineers (ASNE) for Best Paper, the Roland Calori Award for Best Paper for 2006-2007 in Organizational Studies journal and the 2006 Gary F. Wheatley Award for Best Paper from the International Command and Control Research and Technology. She received her Ph.D. in Behavioral Sciences from the University of Texas School of Public Health.
NPS Experience
  • 2017 - current: Professor
  • 2006 - 2017: Associate Professor
  • 2000 - 2006: Assistant Research Professor
Research Interests
human performance (individual and team); shiftwork; crew endurance and resilience; circadian rhythms; decision making; trust in automation

Awards

  • 2018 - Navy Distinguished Civilian Service Award, Secretary of the Navy

Boards, Memberships, & Certifications

Professional Memberships
  • 2014 Surface Navy Association
  • 2010 Working Time Society
  • 2005 Sleep Research Society
  • 1990 Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
  • 1990 Aerospace Medical Association

Scholarly Work

Publications
  • Book
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Shattuck, L. G, (2006). A dynamic process model for the design and assessment of network centric systems Defense Technical Information Center.
  • Journal Article
  • Matsangas, P., Shattuck, N. L., & McCauley, M. E, Sleep in motion conditions: The sine qua non step for the next generation of sleep models predicting performance at sea..
  • Shattuck, N. L., Shattuck, L. G., & Matsangas, P, Combat Effectiveness and Sleep Patterns in US Marines..
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Matsangas, P, Comparison of the 3/9 and 6/6 Watchstanding Schedules for Crewmembers of a US Navy destroyer. Age, (6), 6.
  • Combs, E. K., Dahlman, A. S., Shattuck, N. L., Heissel, J. A., & Whitaker, L. R, Comparison of physiological and cognitive performance in F-22 pilots during day and night flying: A pilot study. Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance, .
  • Ryan, A., Matsangas, P., Anglemyer, A. T., & Shattuck, N. L, (2017). Improving Sleep Attributes of Military Personnel in Operational Settings by Controlling Exposure to Blue Light. Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 1(61), 906-910.
  • Matsangas, P., Shattuck, N. L., & Brown, S. A, (2017). Preliminary validation study of the 3-min wrist-worn psychomotor vigilance test. BEHAVIOR RESEARCH METHODS, 5(49), 1792-1801.
  • Skornyakov, E., Shattuck, N. L., Winser, M. A., Matsangas, P., Sparrow, A. R., Layton, M. E., Gabehart, R. J., & Van Dongen, Hans P. A, (2017). Sleep and performance in simulated Navy watch schedules. ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION, (99), 422-427.
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Matsangas, P, (2017). Sunlight Exposure, Work Hours, Caffeine Consumption, and Sleep Duration in the Naval Environment. AEROSPACE MEDICINE AND HUMAN PERFORMANCE, 6(88), 579-585.
  • Mysliwiec, V., Matsangas, P., Baxter, T., & Shattuck, N. L, (2016). An unusual circadian rhythm in an active duty service member. SLEEP AND BIOLOGICAL RHYTHMS, 1(14), 113-115.
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Matsangas, P, (2016). Operational assessment of the 5-h on/10-h off watchstanding schedule on a US Navy ship: sleep patterns, mood and psychomotor vigilance performance of crewmembers in the nuclear reactor department. ERGONOMICS, 5(59), 657-664.
  • Shattuck, N. L., Matsangas, P., Moore, J., & Wegemann, L, (2016). Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Symptoms, Excessive Daytime Sleepiness, and Fatigue in the Crewmembers of a US Navy Ship. MILITARY MEDICINE, 7(181), 655-662.
  • Skornyakov, E., Shattuck, N. L., Winser, M. A., Matsangas, P., Sparrow, A. R., Layton, M. E., Gabehart, R. J., & Van Dongen, H. P, (2015). Sleep and performance in simulated Navy watch schedules. Accident; analysis and prevention, .
  • Matsangas, P., Shattuck, N. L., & McCauley, M. E, (2015). Sleep Duration in Rough Sea Conditions. Aerospace medicine and human performance, 10(86), 901-6.
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Matsangas, P, (2015). Operational assessment of the 5-h on/10-h off watchstanding schedule on a US Navy ship: sleep patterns, mood and psychomotor vigilance performance of crewmembers in the nuclear reactor department. Ergonomics, , 1-8.
  • Shattuck, N. L., Matsangas, P., Eriksen, E., & Kulubis, S, (2015). Comparison of Two Watch Schedules for Personnel at the White House Military Office President's Emergency Operations Center. Human factors, 5(57), 864-78.
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Matsangas, P, (2015). A 6-month assessment of sleep during naval deployment: a case study of a commanding officer. Aerospace medicine and human performance, 5(86), 481-5.
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Matsangas, P, (2015). Psychomotor vigilance performance predicted by Epworth Sleepiness Scale scores in an operational setting with the United States Navy. Journal of sleep research, 2(24), 174-80.
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Matsangas, P, (2015). A 6-Month Assessment of Sleep During Naval Deployment: A Case Study of a Commanding Officer. Aerospace medicine and human performance, 5(86), 481–485.
  • Mysliwiec, V., Matsangas, P., Baxter, T., & Shattuck, N. L, (2015). An unusual circadian rhythm in an active duty service member. Sleep and Biological Rhythms, , 1–3.
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Matsangas, P, (2015). Caffeinated Beverage Consumption Rates and Reported Sleep in a United States Navy Ship. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 1(59), 696–700.
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Matsangas, P, (2015). Challenges and limitations of sleep and performance data collected in operational environments: Implications for improving fatigue models..
  • Brown, S. A., Matsangas, P., & Shattuck, N. L, (2015). Comparison of a Circadian-based and a Forward Rotating Watch Schedules on Sleep, Mood, and Psychomotor Vigilance Performance. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 1(59), 1167–1171.
  • Drillings, M., Knapp, B., & Shattuck, N. L, (2015). HUMAN SYSTEMS INTEGRATION IN THE MILITARY..
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Matsangas, P, (2015). Operational assessment of the 5-h on/10-h off watchstanding schedule on a US Navy ship: sleep patterns, mood and psychomotor vigilance performance of crewmembers in the nuclear reactor department. Ergonomics, , 1–8.
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Matsangas, P, (2015). Psychomotor vigilance performance predicted by Epworth Sleepiness Scale scores in an operational setting with the United States Navy. Journal of sleep research, 2(24), 174–180.
  • Skornyakov, E., Shattuck, N. L., Winser, M. A., Matsangas, P., Sparrow, A. R., Layton, M. E., Gabehart, R. J., & Van Dongen, H. P, (2015). Sleep and performance in simulated Navy watch schedules. Accident Analysis & Prevention, .
  • Matsangas, P., Shattuck, N. L., & McCauley, M. E, (2015). Sleep Duration in Rough Sea Conditions. Aerospace medicine and human performance, 10(86), 901–906.
  • Matsangas, P., & Shattuck, N. L, (2015). The Effect of Ship Department on Crew Sleep Patterns and Psychomotor Vigilance Performance. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 1(59), 1182–1186.
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Matsangas, P, (2015). Psychomotor vigilance performance predicted by Epworth Sleepiness Scale scores in an operational setting with the United States Navy. JOURNAL OF SLEEP RESEARCH, 2(24), 174-180.
  • Matsangas, P., Shattuck, N. L., & McCauley, M. E, (2015). Sleep Duration in Rough Sea Conditions. AEROSPACE MEDICINE AND HUMAN PERFORMANCE, 10(86), 901-906.
  • Shattuck, N. L., Matsangas, P., & Waggoner, L, (2014). Assessment of a novel watchstanding schedule on an operational US Navy vessel. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 1(58), 2265–2269.
  • Kulubis, S., Shattuck, N. L., Eriksen, E., & Matsangas, P, (2014). Comparison of Two Watch Schedules for Personnel at the White House Military Office President’s Emergency Operations Center..
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Matsangas, P, (2014). Work and rest patterns and psychomotor vigilance performance of crewmembers of the USS Jason Dunham: A comparison of the 3/9 and 6/6 watchstanding schedules..
  • Cordle, J., & Shattuck, N. L, (2013). A sea change in standing watch. Proceedings, , 34–39.
  • Shattuck, N. L., Shattuck, L. G., Smith, K., & Matsangas, P, (2013). Changes in reaction times and executive decision-making following exposure to waterborne motion. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 1(57), 1987–1991.
  • Smith, K., Shattuck, L. G., Shattuck, N. L., & Matsangas, P, (2013). Changes in Reaction Times and Executive Decision-Making following Exposure to Waterborne Motion..
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Brown, S. A, (2013). Wounded in action: What the sleep community can learn from sleep disorders of US military service members. Sleep, 2(36), 159.
  • Shattuck, N. L., Shattuck, L. G., Smith, K., & Matsangas, P, (2013). Changes in reaction times and executive decision-making following exposure to waterborne motion. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 1(57), 1987–1991.
  • Smith, K., Shattuck, L. G., Shattuck, N. L., & Matsangas, P, (2013). Changes in Reaction Times and Executive Decision-Making following Exposure to Waterborne Motion..
  • Shattuck, N. L., Tvaryanas, A. P., & Shattuck, L. G, (2012). Accommodating adolescent sleep-wake patterns: the effects of shifting the timing of sleep on training effectiveness. Sleep, 8(35), 1123-36.
  • Shattuck, N. L., Shattuck, L. G., & Matsangas, P, (2011). Sleep and fatigue issues in continuous operations: a survey of U.S. Army officers. Behavioral sleep medicine, 1(9), 53-65.
  • Holness, K. S., Shattuck, N. L., Winters, J., Pharmer, J. A., & White, D, (2011). Human Systems Integration Tradeoff Analyses Lessons Learned in Support of Naval Surface Acquisitions. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 1(55), 2040–2043.
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Shattuck, L. G, (2011). Extending naturalistic decision making to to complex organizations: a dynamic model of situated cognition..
  • Shattuck, N. L., Shattuck, L. G., & Matsangas, P, (2011). Sleep and fatigue issues in continuous operations: a survey of US Army officers. Behavioral sleep medicine, 1(9), 53–65.
  • Matsangas, P., Shattuck, N. L., & Shattuck, L. G, (2011). Sleep and Fatigue Issues in Continuous Operations: A Survey of US Army Officers..
  • Shattuck, N. L., Shattuck, L. G., & Matsangas, P, (2010). Longitudinal study of sleep patterns of United States Military Academy cadets. Sleep, 12(33), 1623-31.
  • Shattuck, N. L, (2010). Quantifying Human Performance on a Moving Platform Using the Fitts’ Law Task..
  • Shattuck, L. G., Shattuck, N. L., & Kemmerer, K. E, (2009). Tactical decision making under conditions of uncertainty: an empirical study. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 4(53), 242–246.
  • Shattuck, N. L., Matsangas, P., & Shattuck, L. G, (2008). Fatigue and its effect on performance in military environments. Performance under stress, (2007), 231–49.
  • Shattuck, N. L., Shattuck, L. G., Matsangas, P., & Dyche, J, (2008). Sleep and academic performance in US military training and education programs. Mind, Brain, and Education, 1(2), 29–33.
  • Shattuck, N. L., Shattuck, L. G., Simpson, M., & Meaney, S, (2007). HSI Trade Space Tool..
  • Shattuck, L. G., Shattuck, N. L., & Matsangas, P, (2007). Napping patterns during the 2nd year of USMA 2007 Class A preliminary analysis..
  • Shattuck, L. G., & Shattuck, N. L, (2006). Extending naturalistic decision making to complex organizations: A dynamic model of situated cognition. Organization Studies, 7(27), 989–1009.
  • Shattuck, L. G., Drillings, M., Foxx, J., Lindberg, R., & Shattuck, N. L, (2006). Human Systems Integration (HSI) Education and Training: It’S not Just Human Factors on Steroids! Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 6(50), 767–770.
  • Shattuck, L. G., & Shattuck, N. L, (2006). Naturalistic decision making in complex systems: A dynamic model of situated cognition combining technological and human agents. Organizational Behavior: Special Issue on Naturalistic Decision Making in Organizations, (27).
  • Shattuck, N. L., Shattuck, L. G., & Smith, D, (2006). Sleep Patterns of Cadets at the United States Military Academy: Interim Findings of a Four-year Longitudinal Study [presentation outline] Sleep, , 06.
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Shattuck, L. G, (2005). Sleep patterns of young men and women enrolled at the United States Military Academy: results from year 1 of a 4-year longitudinal study. Sleep, 7(28), 837-41.
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Shattuck, L. G, (2005). Applying a dynamic model of situated cognition to the investigation of mishaps. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 3(49), 219–223.
  • Shattuck, N. L., Shobe, K. K., & Shattuck, L. G, (2005). Extending the Dynamic Model of Situated Cognition to Submarine Command and Control..
  • Shattuck, L. G., & Shattuck, N. L, (2004). A process tracing approach to the investigation of situated cognition. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 3(48), 658–662.
  • Shattuck, N. L., Shattuck, L. G., & Clark, J. K, (2004). Sleep patterns and the impact on performance: A study of men and women enrolled at the United States Military Academy. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 11(48), 1243–1247.
  • Editorial Material
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Brown, Stephanie A. T, (2013). Wounded in Action: What the Sleep Community can Learn from Sleep Disorders of US Military Service Members.
  • comment, editorial
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Brown, S. A, (2013). Wounded in action: what the sleep community can learn from sleep disorders of US military service members.
  • Technical Report
  • Shattuck, N. L., Brown, S. A., & Matsangas, P, (2015). A comparison between the 3/9 and the 5/10 watchbills.
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Matsangas, P, (2015). Optimization of shipboard manning levels using IMPRINT Pro Forces Module.
  • Moore, J., Wegemann, L., Shattuck, N. L., & Matsangas, P, (2015). Prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms, excessive daytime sleepiness, and fatigue in the crew memebers of a US Navy ship.
  • Shattuck, N. L., Matsangas, P., Moore, J., & Wegemann, L, (2015). Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Symptoms, Excessive Daytime Sleepiness, and Fatigue in the Crewmembers of a US Navy Ship.
  • Shattuck, N. L., Matsangas, P., & Powley, E. H, (2015). Sleep Patterns, Mood, Psychomotor Vigilance Performance, and Command Resilience of Watchstanders on the Five and Dime Watchbill.
  • Powley, E. H., Shattuck, N. L., & Matsangas, P, (2015). Sleep patterns, mood, psychomotor vigilance performance, and command resilience of watchstanders on the “five and dime” watchbill.
  • Shattuck, N. L., Tvaryanas, A. P., & Shattuck, L. G, (2012). Accommodating adolescent sleep-wake patterns: the effects of shifting the timing of sleep on training effectiveness.
  • Shattuck, N. L., Shattuck, L. G., Tvaryanas, A. P., & Matsangas, P, (2010). Effects of sleep on training effectiveness in soldiers at Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri.
  • Shattuck, N. L., Shattuck, L. G., & Matsangas, P, (2010). Longitudinal study of sleep patterns of United States Military Academy cadets.
  • Shattuck, N. L., Shattuck, L. G., & Matsangas, P, (2007). Fatigue in Military Operational Environments: An Annotated Bibliography.
  • Shattuck, L. G., Shattuck, N. L., & Miller, G. A, (2007). Using the dynamic model of situated cognition to assess network centric warfare in field settings.
  • Tollefson, E., Alfred, P., Shattuck, N. L., Shattuck, L. G., Alt, J. K., & Schamburg, J, (2007). Using Unique Questionnaire and Interview Techniques to Inform Acquisition Decision-Making.
  • Shattuck, N. L., & Shattuck, L. G, (2004). A process model of situated cognition in military command and control.