Today @ NPS April 2014
U.S. Navy photo by MC3 Danica M. Sirmans
NPS Professor’s Latest Book Examines Conflict and Cooperation in Space
By MC3 Danica M. Sirmans

NPS Department of National Security Affairs Professor and Associate Chair for Research Dr. Clay Moltz, pictured in his Glasgow Hall office, recently released his latest book, “Crowded Orbits: Conflict and Cooperation in Space,” which builds upon his 2011 work, “Asia’s Space Race.”

“In the first four decades of the space-age, space was perceived as infinite, but since the dawn of the 21st century, there’s been an increasing number of actors in space,” said Moltz. “We now realize that areas in near Earth space are becoming quite finite.

“The question is, can we manage this increased activity, particularly in the context of many more actors in space?” Moltz asks.

While Moltz’s prior work has catered largely to scholarly audiences, his latest offering was designed to appeal to readers from more diverse backgrounds, and has received accolades from the U.S. Naval War College, George Washington University and Forbes Magazine.

U.S. Navy photo by Javier Chagoya
Senior Singaporean Delegation Visits NPS
By Kenneth A. Stewart

NPS President retired Vice Adm. Ronald A. Route and Navy Warfare Integration Division Director Rear Adm. Richard Breckenridge, pictured third from left, pose for a group photo with a Singaporean Delegation led by Singapore Chief Scientist Quek Tong Boon at Herrmann Hall, April 24. The delegation traveled to NPS to review the joint NPS – National University of Singapore (NUS) Temasek Defense Systems Institute (TDSI) program.

“TDSI is a strategic alliance between NUS and NPS that was established in July 2001 to bring together U.S. and Singaporean military members and defense technologists in an education and research environment,” said NPS Research Associate Professor John Osmundson.

“Singapore had become increasingly important to U.S. littoral operations [and research] and occupies strategic territory within the Malaccan Strait,” continued Osmundson.

NPS sends three students to NUS each year. They return after six month along with their Singaporean TDSI counterparts for an additional 12 months of study at NPS. At the completion of the program, the NPS and Singaporean students receive a Masters of Science in Defense Technology and Systems from NUS and a Masters of Science in a specialized field from NPS. There are currently 18 NPS students participating in the program at NPS.

U.S. Navy photo by MCSN Michael Ehrlich
Director of Warfare Integration Visits NPS
By MCSN Michael Ehrlich

Warfare Integration Division (N91) Director Rear Adm. Rick Breckenridge, above right, and NPS Undersea Warfare Chair retired Adm. Jerry Ellis, 2nd from right, are shown the Alaska Natives Technology Unmanned Underwater System by NPS students Lt. Timothy Kubisak and Ensign Jaqueline Penichet. Breckenridge is visiting NPS to investigate the integration of emerging technologies.

“On the outside NPS looks a lot the same, the old Del Monte hotel seems enduring and stalwart,” said Breckenridge. “But, when you peel back the cover and look inside, it has changed dramatically.”

Breckenridge is new to the Navy’s lead warfare integration office, but he is not new to NPS. He returned to NPS to ensure that he was on the cutting-edge of NPS technological and integration research initiatives.

“NPS distinguishes itself from other institutions by not only being in pace with the changes going on in the world, but by staying ahead and leading the change,” said Breckenridge.

Ellis welcomed Breckenridge to NPS and introduced him to a host of on-going warfare integration programs.

“What we wanted to do, was to get [Breckenridge] involved in some areas that will help him in his new job of warfare integration,” said Ellis. “His job has been submarines, [but now] it’s aviation, surface, submarine’s, integrated undersea surveillance systems, all the various warfare capabilities across the Navy working together.”

As Breckenridge was introduced to various research programs, he spoke of the transformative capability of NPS to contribute to defense research.

“NPS continually transforms itself to be at the leading edge of military research, to avoid technical surprise or surprises by the adversary,” said Breckenridge.

“We can’t rest with a lead at half-time, we have to go into the second-half and figure out new capabilities … I believe the spark and the initiative for change will begin here, if we apply ourselves and do the right kind of research at NPS,” continued Breckenridge.

U.S. Navy photo by MCSN Michael Ehrlich
NPS Celebrates Submarine Force’s 114th Birthday
By MCSN Michael Ehrlich

An attending couple takes advantage of a slow tune for a slow dance during NPS’ annual Submarine Ball, April 26, held in celebration of the U.S. Naval Submarine Force’s 114th birthday.

Guest speaker at this year’s ball was Warfare Integration Division Director Rear Adm. Rick Breckenridge, an NPS alumnus and former submarine squadron commander and Undersea Warfare Division director. He described the launching of one of the Navy’s earliest submarines.

“[The USS] Plunger slid off from the Apache into the deep of the gail, with a lieutenant of questionable judgment, a president of the United States with apparently superhuman courage, and a cage of rodents,” said Breckenridge. “Afterwards, Roosevelt proclaimed, ‘Never in my life have I had such a diverted day.’”

After Roosevelt’s diversion aboard the USS Plunger, he issued a proclamation mandating submariner training with the prerequisite that submariners have, “Iron nerve in order to be of any use’” and set submariner pay at the rate of ten dollars per month.

Breckenridge insisted that the investment Roosevelt made more than 100 years ago has since been returned with interest, and the submariners in attendance agreed.

Submarine Ball Coordinator Ensign Jacqueline Penichet is carrying on the submariner tradition.

“I am honored to have the opportunity to join the Submarine community,” said Penichet. “I know that it will be hard work, but I am excited for the challenge and the chance to work with the best and the brightest.”

Penichet also acknowledged the presence of the two WWII veterans in attendance, retired Senior Chief Theodore Dick and Capt. Robert Thomas calling them, “true inspirations to all.”

U.S. Navy photo by MC2 Shawn J. Stewart
NPS Community Gathers to Commemorate ANZAC Day
By MC2 Shawn J. Stewart

Royal Australian Navy Lt. Cmdr. Katrina Ryan holds her salute as retired Navy Capt. Carol O’Neal plays “Ode to the Fallen” during NPS’ annual commemoration of Australia and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) Day. ANZAC Day honors all Australians and New Zealanders who served and died in all wars, conflicts and peacekeeping operations.

"I am honored to be able to share a little of what ANZAC Day means to me with all of you," said Ryan. "I truly appreciate the commitment you have shown by simply being here."

ANZAC Day was inspired by the Gallipoli Campaign, which took place on the Gallipoli Peninsula in the then Ottoman Empire between April 25, 1915 and Jan. 9, 1916. A joint British and French operation was mounted to capture the Ottoman capital of Constantinople [Istanbul] and secure a sea route to Russia. The attempt failed with heavy casualties on both sides.

“Very early in the morning on this day 99 years ago, 36 large rowing boats loaded with soldiers from Australia and New Zealand departed several allied naval vessels in Suvla Bay," said Ryan. "They landed on the beaches of the Gallipoli Peninsula in what is now known as ANZAC Cove.”

"We are not remembering a victory, but nor are we remembering a defeat. We are remembering the commitment, the tenacity and the perseverance that was shown to the world in 1915 and is represented by the ANZAC spirit. We are remembering what it means to be Australian."

U.S. Navy photo by Javier Chagoya
Navy Gateway Inns and Suites Earns Excellence Award
By Javier Chagoya

The hotel management accrediting body with the office of the Commander, Navy Installations Command (CNIC) recently awarded its Four-Star Zumwalt distinction to the Naval Support Activity (NSA) Monterey’s Navy Gateway Inns and Suites (NGIS). NGIS employees, pictured above, celebrated their achievement at a luncheon held in their honor.

NGIS General Manager David Wolf has been striving to meet guest’s needs throughout the hotel’s many renovations in and around the property.

“The Admiral Elmo R. Zumwalt Four Star Accreditation award recognizes the hard work and effort the NGIS team has made in providing stellar customer service through operational excellence,” said Wolf. “Every level of the organization has worked to exceed our guests’ expectations. I am very proud of each and every member of the team.”

The Four Star Accreditation followed a comprehensive review of everything from management, guest services and housekeeping to facilities and employee training. NGIS consists of some 212 guest and VIP accommodations at Herrmann Hall and its adjoining wings that were once part of the historic Hotel Del Monte.

U.S. Navy photo by Javier Chagoya
Investiture Ceremony Celebrates a New Era for NPS
By Kenneth Stewart

Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Manpower and Reserve Affairs Juan M. Garcia III, NPS President retired Vice Adm. Ronald A. Route and university Provost Dr. Douglas Hensler, pictured from left, prepare for the ceremony honoring the investiture of NPS President Route in King Auditorium, April 23.

“Today is a significant step in NPS history,” said Garcia in opening the ceremony. “It is a pleasure to be here at one of the Navy’s crown jewels … the intellectual center of our Navy’s defense strategy.”

As he began his own remarks, Route was quick to emphasize that the ceremony, an academic tradition that dates back hundreds of years, was a celebration of the institution as a whole.

“This ceremony is not about me. This is about NPS – our students, our faculty and our staff – and our future together,” Route said.

“Together, we have this great convergence of experienced and operationally savvy students, of a world-class faculty focused on graduate education and relevant research, and a first-rate staff of military and civilian professionals; all of whom truly enable our mission here at NPS,” he continued. “This convergence is unique – there is truly nothing like it anywhere else in the world.”

U.S. Navy photo by MCSN Michael Ehrlich
Latest Meeting of the NPS Board of Advisors Underway
By Dale M. Kuska

The Naval Postgraduate School's Board of Advisors (BOA) takes a moment to gather for a group photo near the university's Hall of Fame display in Herrmann Hall during the latest meeting of the institution's consultative group, April 23. The NPS Board of Advisors is a 15-member federal advisory subcommittee providing guidance on matters pertaining to NPS and its graduate education and research programs.

"The Board of Advisors to the President of the Naval Postgraduate School is just that," said Board Chair, retired Vice Adm. Lee Gunn. "We are a group brought together by the Secretary of the Navy, with a variety of experiences from various walks of life … to reflect into the conversation about things that are important to Naval Postgraduate School."

The NPS Board consists of active duty, academic and industry representatives, Gunn adds, and reports to the Secretary of the Navy, the Chief of Naval Operations, and the Commandant of the Marine Corps.

"We advise the NPS President, but we have another role to advise the Secretary of the Navy and Navy uniform leadership on what is important to the Naval Postgraduate School. And certainly we are very honored to have the opportunity to serve in this capacity," he added.

U.S. Navy photo by Kenneth A. Stewart
CCMR Brings Together International Group to Combat Terrorism, Maritime Violence
By Kenneth A. Stewart

Members of the Center for Civil-Military Relations’ (CCMR) Responses to Maritime Violence course participate in a final question-and-answer session at the culmination of the organization’s combined counterterrorism and maritime violence program, April 18.

CCMR brought together security and defense professionals from 11 countries to share counterterrorism and maritime violence strategies and to discuss interagency and international cooperation.

“The purpose of the course was to enhance interagency and international cooperation against terrorism and maritime threats from prevention to response,” said Maritime Security Program Manager retired Navy Capt. Tim Doorey with NPS’ Center for Civil Military Relations (CCMR).

“International cooperation is very important … What is affecting Guatemala is also affecting Mexico and the U.S.,” said course participant and Caribbean Naval Command Lt. Col. Marlon Mihail Velazquez. “We need to put into people’s minds that they need to be a part of the solution and not a part of the problem.”

NPS’ Center for Civil-Military Relations combines scholarly rigor with operational experience to solve complex civil-military relations issues as well as national security and defense related problems. The center has been working with partnered and allied nations on counterterrorism education since 2002. In 2008, the center added Senior Fellow retired Navy Capt. Paul Shemella’s Responses to Maritime Violence course to its curriculum.

U.S. Navy photo by MC2 Chablis Torrence
DRMI Celebrates Latest Class of International Defense Management Graduates
By MC3 Danica M. Sirmans

Recent graduates from the Defense Resource Management Institute’s (DRMI) 10-week International Defense Management Course (IDMC), above, pose for a group photo after a graduation ceremony held in their honor at the Barbara McNitt Ballroom, April 18. The graduates represented 26 countries with participants traveling from as far away as Albania, Ghana, and Nepal to attend the course.

“We had two goals with this course, the first was to develop an analytical framework for the allocation of defense resources and the second was to provide a forum to exchange ideas,” said DRMI Director Dr. Natalie Webb. “I feel certain, from talking to faculty and staff, that we accomplished the second and I am hopeful that we were successful with the first.”

Defense Resource Management faculty are also hopeful that learning will continue outside the classroom, faculty members urge course alumni to remain in contact with each other and with the institute in order to facilitate continued learning.

“With only 10 weeks to cover a wide range of topics, questions are sure to come up and remaining in contact not only aids in the development of the participants, but also in the development of faculty and staff,” said Webb.

Bulgarian Army Lt. Col. Nikolay “Hunter” Kolev served as class leader and spoke of the relationships that he and his fellow participants have forged with each other and with DRMI staff.

“We have spent time together to gain a working knowledge of the subject matter, but more importantly, we have gained friendships that we will hold dear for years to come,” said Kolev.

U.S. Navy photo by MCSN Michael Ehrlich
SPAWAR Guest Lecturer Discusses the Merits of Undersea Constellation Technology
By MCSN Michael Ehrlich

Undersea Integration Program Office (UIPO) Program Manager Capt. Miguel San Pedro, left, offers a presentation describing the merits of the Undersea Constellation, a new concept that could become a driving force in how communications are enabled throughout the Navy. The Undersea Constellation program enhances Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence (C4I) capabilities by leveraging a wide range of manned and unmanned undersea systems and sensors.

“The Undersea Constellation concept … originally started off as a way to support undersea missions, but when you look at it in its totality, it becomes evident that we can utilize it in the undersea domain as an environment to support all [Information Dominance] Navy missions,” said San Pedro.

San Pedro adds that the potential for the Undersea Constellation initiative to serve Navy interests in largely unanticipated areas is only now being realized. He hopes to demonstrate opportunities for research within the program and to recruit NPS students to pursue the technology in their thesis work.

“I am hoping to encourage students to take interest in the Undersea Constellation project, I believe there is plenty of opportunity for broad thesis work in this area or on specifics elements within the Constellation concept,” said San Pedro, whose presentation is the first in a series of lectures by program managers at the Space and Naval Warfare Center Systems Command, or SPAWAR.

Information Dominance Center for Excellence Director Capt. Tim Unrein helped launched the SPAWAR Lecture Series, and hopes to leverage experts like San Pedro as he guides NPS students through the quickly evolving Information Dominance field.

“The fast pace of technological change and new initiatives within Information Dominance systems requires a sustained effort to ensure that NPS faculty and students are aware of new developments and challenges [in the field],” said Unrein.

Next up for the lecture series is Capt. Ben McNeal of the Tactical Networks Program Office, May 15.

Courtesy Photo
Improper HAZMAT Disposal Is More Than Trashy
By Kenneth A. Stewart

Commonly-discarded hazardous materials and items (HAZMAT) are displayed behind the dumpsters at Herrmann Hall. The improper disposal of these materials is not only damaging to the environment, it is illegal and can carry serious legal consequences.

“Recently, we have seen a few instances where HAZMAT ended up in our dumpsters. There are criminal sentences possible for the person doing this, and very high fines for our installation,” said Research Operational Safety, Health and Environmental Department Head Debora Waxer.

Under U.S. Navy policy, no one is authorized or allowed to bring in hazardous materials or waste, garbage, construction debris, or yard waste from home for disposal. All dumpsters at Naval Support Activity Monterey are for government use only.

Household hazardous waste can be turned in at the Marina Landfill, Wed. through Sat. from 9:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m. Hazardous waste includes chemical and solid waste associated with maintenance or cleaning, and carries labels which indicate that it is harmful to humans, animals and the environment. This includes paints, paint thinners, paint removers, varnish, adhesives, solvents, antifreeze, auto products, cleaners, aerosols, mercury thermometers, propane tanks as well as electronic toys and parts. For more information please visit:

U.S. Navy photo by Javier Chagoya
Runners Support Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Campaign
By Javier Chagoya

Runners dart from the starting line at this year’s Sexual Assault Awareness Run, which seeks to bring attention to sexual violence and abuse in the workplace and at home. Sexual Assault Prevention and Awareness activities are being conducted across all Navy installations in concert with National Sexual Assault Awareness Month.

This year’s theme is, “Step Up to Stop Sexual Assault.” Fleet and Family Support Center Education Services Facilitator Heather Ruppert and her team were on hand to spread the message against sexual violence.

“No contribution is too small. We can all challenge those whose behaviors, comments and gestures insult and degrade. This [sexual assault] is just not acceptable behavior and we can no longer tolerate it,” said Ruppert.

Runners received the distinguishing teal-colored appreciation bags filled with helpful information. The teal blue ribbon is the representative color for the national Sexual Assault Prevention and Response campaign.

More information about Sexual Assault Prevention and Response programs can be found at

U.S. Navy photo by MCSN Michael Ehrlich
NPS Cybersecurity Awareness Training Series
By MCSN Michael Ehrlich

NPS Information System Security Manager Terrence Welliver leads a cyber security lecture for service members and Department of Defense civilians (DOD). Directive 8570.01 establishes that all authorized users of DOD information systems must receive an initial Information Assurance (IA) orientation and must complete annual IA refresher training.

“Phishing is the number one method hackers use to gain access to our network,” said Welliver. “Hackers could spend a ton of time trying to hack our defenses, but it’s easier to just trick a user into clicking a link, opening an attachment, or asking an individual for their credentials.”

“Using a password manager at home and creating random passwords for every site is the best way to safeguard your computer,” continued Welliver. “Remember, the best password is one you can’t even remember and one that is different on every site you have an account, which is why a password manager is so important.”

The NPS Cybersecurity Awareness Training Series consists of seven separate online training modules that must be completed annually in addition to other DOD and Department of the Navy mandated training requirements. Each two-hour training session includes all seven modules.

The series will be offered at King Hall, May 20, June 24, July 15 and July 24 from 3:00- 4:50 p.m. For more information on cyber security and an online option for meeting training requirements visit:

U.S. Navy photo by MCSN Michael Ehrlich
Robots in the Roses Brings TechCon 2014 to a Close
By MCSN Michael Ehrlich

Assistant Professor Timothy Chung with NPS’ Department of Systems Engineering describes advances in Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) research to a group of children during the 4th annual Robots in the Roses Research Fair. Robots in the Roses concluded CRUSER’s 3rd annual Technical Continuum (TechCon 2014) sponsored by the Consortium for Robotics and Unmanned Systems Education and Research (CRUSER).

“Robotics is a field that is on an accelerated growth schedule,” said Chung. “It is changing dramatically year by year because it isn’t a single discipline that is working on a particular project.”

“Whether it’s a decision support tool to help determine where to send UAVs to search; a diver assist robot that can pull an operator out of the water allowing for safer operations, or a remotely operated vehicle that can help with harbor security, all of these arenas and more are where NPS can deliver to the Navy immediately,” continued Chung.

Robots in the Roses is NPS’s contribution to National Robotics Week. It provides an interesting opportunity for local community members to interact with NPS students, faculty and staff and it provides a platform to showcase advances in robotics through activities and demonstrations.

“When the Secretary of the Navy and the Under Secretary of the Navy told NPS to establish CRUSER, the point was to develop a culture around robotics systems and to help incorporate them into our DNA,” said CRUSER Director Dr. Ray Buettner. “Robots in the Roses is a way for us to share new information across campus and to get future supporters engaged and involved.”

U.S. Navy photo by Javier Chagoya
Travel Officer Recognized with Meritorious Service Medal
By Javier Chagoya

Former NPS Travel Officer and alumnus Marc Pritchard proudly wears his Meritorious Civilian Service Medal and certificate with members of the Travel Office team following the award presentation, April 7.

It was Pritchard and his team that enabled NPS faculty and staff to satisfy travel approval requirements ensuring that travel and conference attendance was conducted in accordance with demanding Navy travel regulations.

“I was the most hated man on campus and my staff caught a lot of gruff from less than happy customers, but the recognition that I got today really belongs to the very capable Travel Office staff,” Pritchard said.

NPS’ challenging fiscal environment was a hurdle that Pritchard attacked vigorously, while maintaining high-performance marks in keeping travel card delinquencies well below the acceptable threshold and making significant improvements in other areas.

Pritchard now serves as the deputy project manager for VRC, Inc., an on-site position that oversees contract employees working at the Center for Homeland Defense and Security.

U.S. Navy photo by MCSN Michael Ehrlich
Industry Exec Details the State of Cyber Security in Industrial Control Systems
By MCSN Michael Ehrlich

Joe Weiss, right, a Managing Partner with Applied Control Solutions LLC, offers a lecture on the state of cyber security in industrial control systems (ICS) in Glasgow Hall, April 3. Weiss has more than 35 years of control systems and electronic security experience.

“What we need to find is a balance between security and performance,” said Weiss. “How much security can you put in and still allow the system to work.”

Weiss’ lecture to the assembled NPS faculty and students, and his latest book, ‘”Protecting Industrial Control Systems from Electronic Threats,” both focused on how ICS is different.

“In the DOD, the focus is on information assurance. In the ICS world, the focus is on mission assurance and that is where life gets turned upside down,” he stressed.

Weiss also discussed the increased vulnerability that has come with improvements in remote access technology.

“Our venders built our systems, commercial and DOD, with the best intentions to monitor and support the systems, with lots of backdoors to the systems,” said Weiss. “Now with the microprocessor, you have the most important information of the entire enterprise sitting here. Before we were totally separated and isolated … [with remote access] we’re not anymore.”

While Weiss recognized the potential for exploitation, he also acknowledges the need to make the system work as intended by its end-users.

“The integrity of the message and the availability of the system are what we care about,” he said. “What we care is that you can do whatever you were meant to do.”

U.S. Navy photo by MC2 Shawn J. Stewart
CRUSER Hosts TechCon 2014
By MC2 Chablis J. Torrence

NPS Consortium for Robotics and Unmanned Systems Education and Research (CRUSER) Deputy Director, Dr. Timothy Chung offers the TechCon 2014 opening presentation at Spruance Plaza, April 8. TechCon 2014 is CRUSER's 3rd annual technical continuum and is being offered in conjunction with National Robotics Week.

“[The TechCon] concept is not so much about the specifics of getting a robot into the sky to do battle, as it is about the concepts that the conference will generate to allow us to go out and explore,” said Chung.

TechCon provides NPS students and faculty an opportunity to explore selected concepts in support of this year’s topic, “Distributing Future Naval Air and Surface Forces.” Concepts were selected during NPS’ 2013 Warfare Innovation Workshops.

CRUSER's celebration of National Robotics Week culminates with the 4th Annual Robots in the Roses Research Fair, April 10 at 2:00 p.m. in the campus quad. The fair has become an NPS tradition. It allows students and faculty to showcase both complete and ongoing unmanned systems research in a venue that is as informative as it is entertaining.

U.S. Navy photo by MC2 Shawn J. Stewart
Pacific Fleet Commander Visits Naval Postgraduate School
By Kenneth A. Stewart

Commander of the U.S. Pacific Fleet, Adm. Harry B. Harris Jr., addresses NPS students, faculty and staff during a Secretary of the Navy Guest Lecture in the university’s King Auditorium, April 4.

NPS President, retired Vice Admiral Ronald A. Route welcomed Harris and urged him to think of NPS as his, “… advanced problem solving think tank.”

Harris discussed America’s strategic rebalance to the Pacific, the critical role of naval operations, and how NPS is an “intellectual engine” that contributes to U.S. success in the Asia-Pacific region.

“I value greatly the graduates and the products that come out of NPS,” said Harris. “I am a consumer of those products.

“I like to think of NPS as an intellectual RIMPAC,” said Harris, comparing NPS to the Pacific Fleet-led Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC), the largest international exercise in the world. “Our ability to work with our international partners is critical and the work that comes out of this school is critical to those partnerships.”

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April 2014