Journal Articles

Journal Articles



Johnson, Bonnie. (2023). “Challenges in Implementing Artificial Intelligence for the Naval Warfighter.” Naval Engineers Journal, March 2023.

Johnson, Bonnie, Scot Miller, Brian Heeter, Scott Drake, Andre Gatlin, Bryan Harrison, David Ray, and Calvin Taylor. (2023). “A Human-Teaming Approach for Future Marine Corps Hybrid Operations: Manned Helicopter and Air-Launched Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.” Naval Engineers Journal, March 2023.

Johnson, Bonnie, John Green, Gregory Burns, Todd Collier, Richard Cornish, Kyle Curley, Allan Freeman, and Jared Spears. (2023). “Mapping Artificial Intelligence to the Naval Tactical Kill Chain.” Naval Engineers Journal, March 2023.



Herrington, Daniel, Paul Beery, and Kristin Giammarco. 2022. “Assessing Design Repository Search Effectiveness.” Systems 10(5), 178;

Johnson, Bonnie, James Ansley, Stephen Hakimipour, Kyle Buffin, Lisa Nguyen, Victoria Couture, and Erranga Gonaduwage. (2022). “Counter Directed Energy Weapons and the Defense of Naval Unmanned Aerial Vehicles.” Journal of Directed Energy, Volume 7, Number 2.

Johnson, Bonnie. (2022). “Metacognition for artificial intelligence system safety – an approach to safe and desired behavior.” Safety Science 151 (2022): 105743.

Cho, S., Ma, and O.A. Yakimenko. 2022. “Aerial multi-spectral AI-based detection system for unexploded ordnance.” Defence Technology, Dec. 8, 2022,



Johnson, Bonnie. (2021). “Cognitive Lasers: Combining Artificial Intelligence with Laser Weapon Systems.” Center for International Maritime Security, 22 August 2021.

Anuat, G.V., J. T. Klamo, and A. G. Pollman. 2021. “Effects of Body Geometry and Propulsion Type on Unmanned Underwater Vehicle Interactions with Marine Vegetation.” ASME Journal of Autonomous Vehicles and Systems, 2(2).

Beery, Paul, Thomas Irwin, Euguene Paulo, Anthony Pollman, Wayne Porter, and Stephen Gillespie. 2021. “Bridging Joint Operations and Systems Engineering through an Operational Mission Architecture Framework.” ASEM Engineering Management Journal.

Eldred, Ross, Jonathan Lussier, and Anthony Pollman. 2021. “Design and Testing of a Spherical Autonomous Underwater Vehicle for Shipwreck Interior Exploration.” Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 9(320).

Hevey, Christoper and Anthony Pollman. 2021. “Reimagining Offensive Mining.” Proceedings (U.S. Naval Institute).  Reimagine Offensive Mining | Proceedings - January 2021 Vol. 147/1/1,415 (*

*2nd Place, 2020 Mine Warfare Association-U.S. Naval Institute Mine Warfare Essay ContestReviewed by expert selection committee.

Irgens, K.E., J. T. Klamo, and A. G. Pollman. 2021. “Experimental assessment of entanglement for a propeller driven unmanned underwater vehicle.” ASNE Naval Engineers Journal, 133(3):103–114.

Kain, Alyssa, Douglas Van Bossuyt, and Anthony Pollman. 2021. “Investigation of Nanogrids for Improved Navy Installation Energy Resilience.” Applied Science, 11(4298).

Khodkar M.A., J. T. Klamo, and K. Taira. 2021. “Phase-locking of laminar wake to periodic vibrations of a circular cylinder.” APS Physical Review Fluids, 6(3). DOI:

Klamo, J.T., T. M. Turner, C. Y. Cool, K. I. Yeager, and Y. W. Kwon. 2021. “On the Accuracy of an Analytical Solution to Model Wave-Induced Loads on an Underwater Vehicle in Real-Time.”  ASME Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering, 143(3):031202.

Klamo, J.T.,  K. I. Yeager, C. Y. Cool, T. M. Turner, and Y. W. Kwon. 2021. “The effects of cross-sectional geometry on wave-induced loads for underwater vehicles.”  IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, 46(3):765–784.

Miller, K, A. Bordetsky, J. Mun, R. Maule, & A. Pollman. 2021. “Merging Future Knowledgebase Systems of Systems (FKSS) with Artificial Intelligence/Machine Learning (AI/ML) Engines to Maximize Reliability and Availability for Decision Support.”  MORS Journal.  in press, Sep. 2021.

Pak, M., J. L. Peeples, and J. T. Klamo. 2021. “EXTRA!” using the newsvendor model to optimize war reserve storage.” DAU Defense Acquisition Research Journal, 28(4):452–478.

Parnell, Gregory S., C. Robert Kenly, Clifford A. Whitcomb, and Karthikeyan Palanikumar.  2021. “System Design and Engineering Trade-Off Analytics:  State of the Published Practice.” Systems Engineering, 24(3), 125-143.

Rosa, Wilson, Bradford K. Clark, Raymond Madachy, and Barry Boehm. 2021. “Empirical Effort and Schedule Estimation Models for Agile Processes in the US DoD.”  IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering. doi: 10.1109/TSE.2021.3080666.



Beery, Paul, Timothy Byram, Eric Gatley, Kristin Giammarco, Richard Williams, and Eugene Paulo. 2020. "An operational effectiveness analysis of legacy and future mine countermeasures systems using discrete event simulation." The Journal of Defense Modeling and Simulation 17, no. 2. 191-204.

Wilhelm, Christopher, Erin Thompson, Kristin Giammarco, and Clifford Whitcomb. 2020. "System architecture practices to facilitate Department of Defense technology transfer." The Journal of Technology Transfer 45: 705-717.

Johnson, Bonnie. (2020). “Predictive Analytics in the Naval Maritime Domain.” In Proceedings of the AAAI Symposium on the 2nd Workshop on Deep Models and Artificial Intelligence for Defense Applications: Potentials, Theories, Practices, Tools, and Risks 2020, co-located with the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence 2020 Spring Symposium Series (AAAI-SSS 2020), edited by Ying Zhao. 11-12 November 2020, Virtual.

Beery, Paul, Timothy Byram, Eric Gatley, Kristin Giammarco, Richard Williams, and Eugene Paulo. 2020. “An Operational Effectiveness Analysis of Legacy and Future Mine Countermeasures Systems using Discrete Event Simulation.”  The Journal of Defense Modeling and Simulation, 17(2), 191-204.

Bickford, Jason, Douglas Van Bossuyt, Paul Beery, and  Anthony Pollman. 2020. “Operationalizing Digital Twins Through Model Based Systems Engineering Methods.”  Systems Engineering, Regular Paper accepted Sept 7, 2020.

Davis, LT Justin, Paul Beery, and Eugene Paulo. 2020. “Investigation of Integration and Potential Conflicts for Distributed Maritime Operations and Integrated Air and Missile Defense.”  Naval Engineers Journal, 132(1), 83-95.

Donovan, Brian M., Rob Semmens, Phillip Keck, Elizabeth Brimhall, K.C. Busch, Monica Weindling, Alex Duncan, Molly Stuhlsatz, Zoe B. Bracey, Mark Bloom, Susan Kowalski, and Brae Salazar. 2019. “Toward a more humane genetics education: Learning about the social and quantitative complexities of human genetic variation research could reduce racial bias in adolescent and adult populations.”  Science Education, 103(3), 529-560.

Engebråten, Sondre A., Jonas Moen, Oleg Yakimenko, and Kyrre Glette. 2020. “A Framework for Automatic behavior Generation in Multi-Function Swarms.”  Frontiers in Robotics and AI - Evolutionary Robotics.

Pollman, Anthony G. and Christopher Hevey. 2020. “Reimagine Offensive Mining.” Proceedings, 147(1), 46-49.

​​​Rathwell, Benjamin W., Douglas L. Van Bossuyt, Anthony Pollman, and Joseph Sweeney III. 2020. “A Method to Inform the Systems Engineering Approach to System Design and Maintenance Activity Development Using Systems Operators and Maintenance Personnel Risk Attitudes to Improve Operational Availability.” Systems.

Rathwell, Benjamin W., Douglas L. Van Bossuyt, Anthony Pollman, and Joseph Sweeney. 2020.  “A Method to Account for Personnel Risk Attitudes in System Design and Maintenance Activity Development.” Systems 8(3), pp. 1-22.

​​​​​​Van Bossuyt, Douglas L., and Ryan M. Arlitt. 2020. “A Functional Failure Analysis Method of Identifying and Mitigating Spurious Emissions from a System of Interest in a System of Systems.”  ASME Journal of Computing and Information Science in Engineering.

Van Bossuyt, D. L.,  Bryan M. O'Halloran, and Ryan M. Arlitt. 2019. “A Method of Identifying and Analyzing Irrational System Behavior in a System of Systems.”  Systems Engineering.

Vaneman, Warren K., and Ronald R. Carlson. 2020.  “Evaluating Current Systems Engineering Models for Applicability to Model-Based Systems Engineering Technical Reviews.”  Naval Engineers Journal, 236(2), 51-58.

Yazdani, A.M., K. Sammut, O. A. Yakimenko, and A. Lammas. 2020. “Feasibility Analysis of Using the hp-Adaptive Radau Pseudospectral Method for Minimum-Effort Collision-Free Docking Operations of AUV.” Robotics and Autonomous Systems, vol.133, Nov. 2020.

Yazdani, A.M., K. Sammut, O. A. Yakimenko, and A. Lammas. 2020. “A Survey of Underwater Docking Guidance Systems.”  Robotics and Autonomous Systems, vol.124,  



Arlitt, Ryan M., and Douglas L Van Bossuyt. 2019. “A Generative Human-in-the-Loop Approach for Conceptual Design Exploration Using Flow Failure Frequency in Functional Models.” ASME Journal of Computing and Information Science in Engineering 19(3).  DOI:

Connett, Brian, Bryan O’Halloran, and Anthony Pollman. 2019. December.  “Advancing the Use of an Analytical Hierarchy Process & Improved Random Indexes for Making Prioritized Decisions in Systems.”  IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management:  1-15. DOI: 10.1109/TEM.2019.2958785.

Herrington, Sean M., Jeff T. Renzelman, Travis D.  Fields, and Oleg A. Yakimenko, O.A. 2019. “Vertical Wind-Tunnel Testing of Steerable Cruciform Parachute System.”  AIAA Journal of Aircraft 56 (2): 747-757. DOI:

Johnson, Bonnie. 2019. “Artificial Intelligence—an Enabler of Naval Tactical Decision Superiority.” AI Magazine 40(1): 63-78.

Langreck, John, Hermann Wong, Andy Hernandez, Stephen Upton, Mary McDonald, Anthony Pollman,  and William Hatch. 2019. “Modeling and Simulation of Future Capabilities with an Automated Computer-aided Wargame.”  Journal of Defense Modeling & Simulation: 1-10. DOI:

Miller, Kasey., Bryan O’Halloran, Anthony Pollman, and Megan K, Feeley, M. 2019. “Securing the Internet of Battlefield Things While Maintaining Value to the Warfighter.” Journal of Information Warfare 18(2): 75-84.

Van Bossuyt, Douglas L., Bryan M. O'Halloran, and Ryan M. Arlitt. 2019. “A Method of Identifying and Analyzing Irrational System Behavior in a System of Systems.” Systems Engineering 22(6): 519-537.  DOI:

Van Bossuyt, Douglas L., Paul Beery, Bryan M. O'Halloran, Andy Hernandez, and Eugene Paulo. 2019. “The Naval Postgraduate School’s Department of Systems Engineering Approach to Mission Engineering Education.”  Systems 7(3). DOI:

Van Bossuyt, Douglas L., Bryan M. O'Halloran, and Nikolaos Papakonstantinou. 2019. “A System Design Method to Reduce Cable Failure Propagation Probability in Cable Bundles.”  The Journal of Reliability, Maintainability, and Supportability in Systems Engineering Winter 2018-19.



Giammarco, K., Spencer Hunt, Clifford A. Whitcomb. 2018. "Using the Design Reference Mission for Framing Naval Ship Design Problems.” Naval Engineers Journal 180, no. 1:53—63.

Giammarco, Kristin, and Len Troncale. 2018. "Modeling Isomorphic Systems Processes Using Monterey Phoenix." Systems 6, no. 2: 18.

Anderson, William, Kyle Kobold, and Oleg Yakimenko.  2018. “Tools for Analysis and Optimization of Standalone Green Microgrids.”  World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering 12(6): 402-09. DOI:

Arlitt, Ryan, and Douglas L. Van Bossuyt. 2018. “Toward a Generative Human-in-the-Loop Approach for Conceptual Design Exploration Using Flow Failure Frequency in Functional Models.”  Journal of Computing and Information Science in Engineering 19(3).  DOI:  10.1115/1.4042913.

Chiaverotti, Dominic J., Craig F. Smith, and Anthony Pollman, A. 2018.  “Experimental Verification & Military Employment of Centrifugally Tensioned Metastable Fluid Detectors for Neutron Detection of Trace Radiation Sources.”  Journal of Radiation Research and Engineering 36(1): 181-6.

Fields, Travis D., and Oleg Yakimenko. 2018.  “Development of a Steerable Single-Actuator Cruciform Parachute.”  AIAA Journal of Aircraft 55(3): 1041-1049. DOI:

Gregg, Seth W., John P.H. Steele, and Douglas L. Van Bossuyt. 2018.  “A Method for Automated Cavitation Detection with Adaptive Thresholds.”  International Journal of Prognostics and Health Management.

Hawxhurst, Kevin, Joshua Williams, Anthony Pollman, and Anthony Gannon, A. 2018. “Renewable-Powered HVAC with Thermal Storage.” ASHRAE Journal 59(12): 56-9.

Howe, Todd A., Anthony Pollman, and Anthony Gannon. 2018. “Operating Range for a Combined, Building-Scale LAES and Expansion System:  Energy and Exergy Analysis.” Entropy 20(10): 1-17. **

** Winner 2018 Excellence in Applied Physics Research Award, Johns Hopkins Univ. – Applied Physics Lab.

Johnson, Bonnie, Karen Holness, Wayne Porter, and Alejandro Hernandez. 2018. “Complex Adaptive Systems of Systems: A Grounded Theory Approach.” Grounded Theory Review 17(1).

Klamo, Joseph T. 2018.  “Multidisciplinary Experiment Using Steep Regular Waves to Determine Ship Operating Conditions that Avoid Capsize.”  Multiscale and Multidisciplinary Modeling, Experiments and Design 1(2): 119-132.

​​​​Pollman, Anthony. 2018. “Framing Marine Corps Organizational Culture.” Proceedings (U.S. Naval Institute) 144(6). ***

***Winner 2018 Naval Postgraduate School-U.S. Naval Institute Essay Contest.

Short, Ada-Rhoades, Robert D.D. Hodge, Douglas L. Van Bossuyt, and Bryony DuPont. 2018. “Active Mission Success Estimation Through Functional Modeling.”  Research in Engineering Design 29, 565–588.  DOI:



Connett, Bryan, and Bryan O’Halloran. 2017. “Modeling cyber conflict to inform critical infrastructure defense.”   ASME. Mechanical Engineering 139(03): S9–S12.  DOI:

Dempere, Jose, Nikolaos Papakonstantinou, Bryan O’Halloran, and Douglas L. Van Bossuyt. 2017. “Risk Modeling of Variable Probability External Initiating Events in a Functional Modeling Paradigm.” The Journal of Reliability, Maintainability, and Supportability in Systems Engineering: 1-9.

Hawxhurst, Kevin, Joshual Williams, Anthony Pollman, and Anthony Gannon. 2017. “Renewable-Powered HVAC with Thermal Storage.”  ASHRAE Journal 59(12): 21-27.

Madachy, Raymond. 2017. “System Dynamics Structures for Modeling Lawmaking Processes.” The Science of Laws Journal 3(1): 12-22.

Yazdani, Amir.M., Karl Sammut, Oleg A. Yakimenko, Andrew Lammas, Youhong Tang, and Somaiyah MahmoudZadeh. 2017. “IDVD-based trajectory generator for autonomous underwater docking operations.”  Robotics and Autonomous Systems 92: 12-29.  DOI:



Johnson, Bonnie, and Alejandro Hernandez. 2016. “Exploring Engineered Complex Adaptive Systems of Systems.” Procedia Computer Science 95: 58-65.

MacCalman, Alex D., Paul T Beery, and Eugene P. Paulo. 2016. “A Systems Design Exploration Approach that Illuminates Tradespaces Using Statistical Experimental Designs.” Systems Engineering 19(5): 409-421.  DOI:



Giachetti, Ronald E. 2015. “Evaluation of the DoDAF Meta-model's Support of Systems Engineering.”  Procedia Computer Science 61 (2015): 254-260. DOI:

Giachetti, Ronald E. 2015. “System of Systems Capability Needs Analysis via a Stochastic Network Model.”  Naval Engineers Journal 127(4): 67-79.



Millar, Richard C., and Kristin Giammarco. 2014. "Functional architecture framework for instrumentation systems." International Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering 17, no. 4: 405-423.

Millar, Richard C., and Kristin Giammarco. 2014. "Integrated Instrumentation and Sensor Systems Functional Model and Taxonomy." Journal of Aerospace Engineering 27, no. 1: 121-130.



Montgomery, Paul R., 2013. “Model-Based System Integration (MBSI)–Key Attributes of MBSE from the System Integrator's Perspective.” Procedia Computer Science 16 (2013): 313-322. DOI:



Giammarco, Kristin, Michael Carlomusto, and JD Lock. 2005. “Development and Analysis of Integrated C4ISR Architectures.” Defense Acquisition Research Journal 12, no. 3: 304-322.