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Celebrated Author, Journalist Thomas Friedman Guest Lectures at NPS

Three-time Pulitzer Prize winning journalist and author Thomas Friedman speaks to a packed auditorium in Ingersoll Hall, June 24. Friedman discussed the various forces shaping the world today and shared insights from his latest book, “Thank You for Being Late: An Optimist’s Guide for How to Thrive in the Age of Accelerations.”

Three-time Pulitzer Prize winning journalist and author Thomas Friedman visited the Naval Postgraduate School (NPS) and shared insights from his latest book, “Thank You for Being Late: An Optimist’s Guide for How to Thrive in the Age of Accelerations” at Ingersoll Hall, June 24.

NPS Defense Analysis Professor and Chair Dr. John Arquilla welcomed Friedman, describing him as a “great observer” of modern society, who as a foreign affairs columnist at the New York Times has been able to shape the public discourse for over 20 years.

“There is a canon of journalism that states that journalism is constrained by only one thing, and that is consideration of the public welfare. Here is a journalist that embodies that ideal,” said Arquilla.

Friedman’s observations in groundbreaking works like, “The World is Flat,” which sold 4 million copies and has been translated into over two dozen languages, have been remarkably prescient. His latest work promises to build upon past observations and explores the forces shaping the dynamic world of today.

“What [Thank You for Being Late] is really a metaphor for, is that I believe we are in the middle of an incredible transition now and it is really a time to pause, reflect and to rethink,” said Friedman.

Friedman’s book begins with a series of discussions between himself and an Ethiopian blogger, and parking attendant, that Friedman offered to teach the art of column writing. In exchange for hearing the blogger’s life story, Friedman provided a six-page memo on how to write a column. In that memo, Friedman described the difference between writing columns and news stories and offered some insight into the motivations behind his latest work.

“A news story is meant to inform. A column is meant to provoke. I can write a story about NPS, but I am actually in the provocation business. I am either in the heating business or the lighting business. I am either stoking up an emotion inside of you or illuminating something for you, and if I do it right, I do both together. I create heat or light. I create a reaction,” said Freidman.

Friedman went on to note that creating both “heat and light” requires an act of chemistry that involves a combination of personal values, an understanding of the forces that shape people and events, what he refers to as the “machine,” and insight into how those forces affect the peoples and the cultures that interact with them.

Friedman described the values, forces and people that are shaping the world today by illustrating a series of accelerations that he argues are rapidly changing the world we live in – a word divided on the lines of “control and chaos, order and disorder,” which is being influenced by markets, Mother Nature and Moore’s Law.

“We are actually in the middle of three non-linear accelerations of the three largest forces on the planet, and the three of them are interacting with each other,” said Friedman.

Friedman looks back to the year 2007 as an “inflection point” that set the stage for the accelerations that followed.

“There are vintage years in wine and there are vintage years in history. In the fullness of time, we will understand that 2007 was one of the most important years in history,” said Friedman who pointed to the releases of the iPhone, Facebook, Twitter, Android, the Kindle, Airbnb and the emergence of big data to illustrate his point.

“[But] right when the world was going through a giant inflection point, we went through the great recession … Our effort to build the social technologies to manage that acceleration went into complete grid lock,” said Friedman. “You wonder where Trump and Brexit came from?”

But political gridlock aside, Friedman noted that the integration of sensors, processors, data storage, networks and software into what is now the cloud, with its ability to disguise complexity, have created a pivotal moment in human history.

“This ain’t no cloud. This is a supernova. I believe the melding of those five technologies into a world with one touch, is the greatest release of energy, in my opinion, since electricity, and I think in time we will understand, since fire,” said Friedman.

“We now, as a collective, are a force of and in nature. The newest geological era is now being named after us, the Anthropocene, because with these powers, we can actually shape the climate. We’ve never had these powers before,” continued Friedman.

Acknowledging NPS’ interest in geopolitics, Friedman also discussed the manner in which accelerations are affecting the geopolitical world.

“In the age of acceleration, the relevant geopolitical divide in the world today is no longer North-South, East-West, Communist-Capitalist. It is between the world of control and the world of chaos … the world of order and the world of disorder.

“Tens of millions of people are trying to get out of the world of disorder and into the world of order and the primary front is the Mediterranean. That is what’s going on … They can see our world on an iPhone and they are coming,” said Friedman.

Finally, Friedman discussed ethics by asking attendees if “god is cyberspace” and answering the question with sage advice from his spiritual adviser, who noted that, “If you want god in cyberspace, you have to bring him there.”

“In 1945 we entered a world where for the first time, one country could kill everyone … I believe we are now entering a world where one person can kill everybody. We are not there yet, but we’re headed there. At the same time, we are entering a world where all of us, with these same powers, can fix everything.

“We could actually feed, house and clothe every person on the planet,” Friedman continued. “We have never stood at this juncture before as a human species, where one of us could kill all of us, and where all of us could fix everything. What will decide that?”

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